There are many types of viruses. Those viruses, which have their genetic material in RNA, are called retro viruses. These retro viruses are responsible for most of the diseases in all plants and animals. The HIV or Human- Immunodeficiency Virus is also a kind of retro virus. The HIV virus leads to AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which is a deadly pandemic, affecting every nook and corner of the globe. It is an acquired disease from external means. 31.3 million adults and 2.1million children in the world are HIV positive with several HIV symptoms, and 2 millions deaths are witnessed every year due to the same reason. This has made this HIV AIDS a serious subject of concern.
Causes of HIV
General HIV symptoms:
There are three stages of AIDS and each stage is marked with a typical HIV symptom.
In the latter stage, called the advanced late symptomatic stage, the patient is affected by Pneumocystis Carini, with normal pneumonia symptoms like dry cough, pain chest fever and shortness of breathe. Candida infection is another common problem at this stage of AIDS. Oral Candidiasis, Vaginal Candidiasis, oesophagus Candidiasis, wind pipe Candidiasis and lungs Candidiasis are common at this stage. Infections in gastro intestinal tracts are also common in this final stage. The mucous membrane of the gastro intestinal tract becomes very weak and gets vulnerable to diseases like Giardia Lambiba, Somonella, Candida Altercans, and CMV etc.
There are a number of psychological HIV Symptoms like, anxiety, confusion, acute depression, coupled with insomnia and loss of appetite. Occasional burning of hands face and feet may also be prominent. The patient may become very hostile or too timid. He may experience occasional nightmare and hallucinations. The social stigma and castration associated with AIDS, brings the patient’s psychology under complete turmoil.
HIV Symptoms in women
Hiv Symptoms in Children
HIV affected children are very weak and insufficiently developed. They unfortunately do not survive for more than two years. So proper precautions have to be taken to save the child from HIV transmission from the mother, at early stage of pregnancy.
HIV Symptoms TESTING:
In order to diagnose HIV, one may resort to HIV antibody test, like the ELISA (Enzyme linked immuno absorbent) antibody test or the EIA (Enzyme Immunoassay) antibody test.Antibodies are special proteins that are created, in the HIV positive patient’s blood, urine and saliva. The tests are conducted to detect the presence of these antibodies in the patient. If the blood, urine and saliva contain these antibodies, then the patient may be termed as HIV positive. These antibodies are detected after 6 to 12 weeks of falling prey to the virus. Antibody tests are recommended in a frequent span of three to four months, to avoid the possibility of false negative results.
Preventions – The following things should be kept in mind to reduce the scope of transmission of HIV.
Transmission of HIV from mother to child
Transmission of HIV through blood
Transmission of HIV through Sex
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