HIV education has become essential as every year the number of newly infected people has been increasing and still the process is going. It is estimated that 33 million of people are living with AIDS and the numbers are increasing per year. HIV and AIDS education will provide the guideline to people as to how to avoid the infection of HIV as well as sexually transmitted diseases. It will provide the basic information regarding HIV and AIDS as to what is HIV, symptoms of HIV, how does the HIV spread out so and so forth. HIV education not only furnishes the information regarding HIV and AIDS but makes people aware about the issues. For example it reduces the stigma and discrimination about those who are infected with the HIV. There is still great deal of fear and misunderstandings regarding the HIV around the world. It has created the negative impact on the people who are living with HIV and is discouraging these people from having treatment and testing.
HIV education can be effective and useful if it is given to the targeted groups, groups especially those who are at the risk of the infection. However, it depends on the nature of the epidemic in that particular area. The other problem regarding these groups that they always change. For example, In America, in early years MSM (men who have sex with men) were at risk after that in later years drugs users were at the risk. If we talk about today's condition then heterosexual African Americans and the Hispanic/Latino population are also recognized as groups that are especially susceptible to HIV infection in America. AIDS has affected many parts of the society so it is essential to provide the information regarding AIDS to the every element of the society. Because if the HIV education confines to only the targeted groups then some other groups can get neglected and they will lead to develop the HIV infection for example old people. It does not mean that people, who are already infected with HIV, do not need the HIV education. They should also be provided the education regarding HIV and AIDS. It will create awareness among these people and transmission of HIV can be prevented. Moreover, it will provide them information regarding medications and support that is available for them. It leads them to live a safe life.
HIV education should contain the accurate and enough information that will clear the doubts of the people regarding the HIV and AIDS.
HIV education can take place in various places like classrooms to schools, friends to families etc. It would help to share the information among the people. The accurate and sufficient information should be delivered at such places. The information pertaining to AIDS should be collected from the various sources such as reports by different institutions or organizations. There are many organizations that are working for this motive at international level such as The World Health Organization.
HIV education in schools
School is the place that is the most common place where the education of HIV/AIDS can be delivered. It is because of their universality and capacity. It is an important setting where young people can be educated for HIV education. Young people are at the high risk of getting infected with HIV so they should be provided the information regarding AIDS. The social and biological aspects should be explained to the young people at school. Before they are going to be sexually active, the AIDS education should be given to them. The teachers should get the training for handling such issues or for providing the information regarding the HIV and AIDS. So the pupils can pass that information to their families as well as to their friends.
HIV education is essential for the every strata of the society. It would assist to prevent the transmission of HIV.